2005 Data Book

CONTENTS

CONTACT INFORMATION
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
DEFINITIONS

NATIONAL 

  • Canada’s GERD by Major Source of Funds, 1994 to 2004
  • GERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • R&D Intensity at the Provincial Level, 1992, 1997 and 2002
  • Investment in Knowledge as a Percentage of GDP, Selected OECD Countries, 2002
  • Major Flows of R&D Funding in Canada, 2004

GOVERNMENT

  • Federal Expenditures on R&D and as a Share of Total Federal Expenditures, 1995–2004
  • GOVERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD Countries and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • Federal R&D Expenditures by Major Spenders, 1995–96 and 2004–05
  • Government-Financed GERD as a Percentage of GDP, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2002


INDUSTRY 

  • Canada’s BERD by Major Source of Funds, 1994 to 2004
  • Business R&D by ICT and Non-ICT Sectors, 1994 to 2004
  • BERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD Countries and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • BERD Intensity at the Provincial Level, 1992, 1997 and 2002
  • Investment in Machinery and Equipment as a Percentage of GDP, Selected OECD Countries, 2002


HIGHER EDUCATION

  • Canada’s HERD by Major Source of Funds, 1994 to 2004
  • HERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • Percentage of HERD Financed by the Business Sector, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • Science and Engineering Degrees as a Percentage of Total New Degrees, Selected OECD Countries, 2002
  • Foreign Doctoral Students as a Percentage of Total Doctoral Enrolment, Selected OECD Countries, 2002


HUMAN RESOURCES 

  • R&D Personnel by Sector of Performance, 1994 to 2002
  • R&D Personnel as a Percentage of Total Employment, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • Highly Skilled Workers as a Percentage of Total Employment, Selected OECD Countries, 2003
  • Highly Skilled Migrants as a Percentage of Highly Skilled Natives, by Selected OECD Countries of Residence, 2001
  • Place of Birth of Highly Skilled Migrants in Canada, Top OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2001


COMMERCIALIZATION AND OUTPUT

  • Number of Scientific Publications per Million of Population, Top Countries Producing More Than 10 000 Publications, 2003
  • Highly Cited Papers (Top 1%) as Percentage of Total Number of Scientific Publications, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 1993–97 and 1997–2001
  • Canadian Patents Granted in the United States, and Canadian Patents Filed in the United States, Europe and Japan (Triadic Families), 1992 to 2001
  • Share of Innovators in Selected Service Industries, by Novelty of Innovation, 2003
  • Royalties from Top Federal Departments and Agencies, 1997–98 and 2002–03
  • Indicators of Some Commercialization Outputs of University Research, 1999 and 2003

 

CONTACT INFORMATION


Innovation Policy Branch
Industry Canada
Tel.: (613) 993-7589
Fax: (613) 996-7887
E-mail: strategies-tstrategy@ic.gc.ca
March 2006

 

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

AAFCAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada
AECLAtomic Energy of Canada Limited
AUCCAssociation of Universities and Colleges of Canada
BERDBusiness enterprise expenditure on research and development
CFICanada Foundation for Innovation
CIHRCanadian Institutes of Health Research
CRCCommunications Research Centre Canada
CSACanadian Space Agency
DNDNational Defence
ECEnvironment Canada
F&OFisheries and Oceans Canada
GDPGross domestic product
GERDGross domestic expenditure on research and development
GOVERDGovernment intramural expenditure on research and development
HERDHigher education expenditure on research and development
ICIndustry Canada
ICTInformation and communication technology
M&EMachinery and equipment
NRCNational Research Council Canada
NRCanNatural Resources Canada
NSERCNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
R&DResearch and development
SSHRCSocial Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

 

DEFINITIONS

Knowledge investmentThe sum of expenditures on R&D, total higher education (public and private) and software (computed to avoid double counting).
R&DResearch and development is creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humankind, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.
Scientific publicationsPublications in the areas of health, pure and applied sciences.
Triadic patent familyAn invention for which a patent application has been filed at the European Patent Office, Japanese Patent Office and United States Patent and Trademark Office.