Science and Innovation Sector
AAFC – Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
AECL – Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
BERD – Business enterprise expenditure on research and development
CFI – Canada Foundation for Innovation
CIDA – Canadian International Development Agency
CIHR – Canadian Institutes of Health Research
CRC – Communications Research Centre Canada
CSA – Canadian Space Agency
DND – Department of National Defence
EC – Environment Canada
F&O – Fisheries and Oceans Canada
GDP – Gross domestic product
GERD – Gross domestic expenditure on research and development
GOVERD – Government intramural expenditure on research and development
HC – Health Canada
HERD – Higher education expenditure on research and development
IC – Industry Canada
M&E – Machinery and equipment
NRC – National Research Council Canada
NRCan – Natural Resources Canada
NSERC – Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
R&D – Research and development
RSA – Related scientific activities
S&T – Science and technology
SSHRC – Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
STC – Statistics Canada
ARC – “Average of Relative Citation” is an indicator based on the number of citations received by papers over a three-year period following the publication year. To account for different citation patterns across fields and subfields of science, the citation count of a paper in a given subfield is divided by the average citation count of all papers in its subfield to obtain a relative citation count (RC). The ARC of a given entity is the average of the RC of papers belonging to it. When the ARC is above 1, an entity scores better than the world average; when it is below 1, an entity publishes papers that are cited less often than the world average.
R&D – “Research and Development” is creative work undertaken on a systematic basis to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humankind, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.
RSA – “Related Scientific Activities” that complement and extend R&D by contributing to the generation, dissemination and application of scientific and technological knowledge.
S&T – “Science and Technology” includes both R&D and RSA and refers to the broad spectrum of activities required to generate, disseminate or apply new S&T knowledge.
Scientific Publications – Publications in the fields of health, pure and applied science.
Science and Technology Data is published yearly by Industry Canada’s Science and Innovation Sector. This publication presents a snapshot of the state of science and technology in Canada in an accessible and convenient format.
The booklet has five sections. The first, “National,” provides a summary view of Canada’s R&D. This is followed by three sections, each covering a specific player in the national S&T system: “Government,” “Industry” and “Higher Education.” The booklet concludes with a section entitled “Canada and the World,” which describes links between Canada’s S&T activities and those in other countries around the world.
Due to the delays involved in the collection and dissemination of data, the figures used for domestic indicators will often be more recent than those used for international comparisons.