2005 Data Book

Contents

Contact Information
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Definitions

National 

  • Canada’s GERD by Major Source of Funds, 1995 to 2005
  • GERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2004
  • R&D Expenditures by Performing Sector, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2004
  • R&D Intensity at the Provincial Level, 1993, 1998 and 2003
  • Major Flows of R&D Funding in Canada, 2005

Government 

  • Federal R&D Expenditures by Performer Type, 1997 to 2005
  • GOVERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD Countries and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2004
  • The Largest Federal S&T Departments and Agencies, 2005
  • Federal R&D Expenditures by Socio-Economic Objective, 2004
  • Government R&D Expenditures by Selected Socio-Economic Objective, Canada, U.S. and Other G7 Countries, 2004

Industry 

  • Canada’s BERD by Major Source of Funds, 1995 to 2005
  • BERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD Countries and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2004
  • BERD Intensity at the Provincial Level, 1993, 1998 and 2003
  • Foreign-Financed BERD as a Percentage of GDP, Selected OECD Countries, 1994 and 2004 (or Nearest Available Years)
  • Direct Government Funding of Business R&D and Tax Incentives for R&D, Selected OECD Countries, 2004

Higher Education 

  • Canada’s HERD by Major Source of Funds, 1995 to 2005
  • HERD as a Percentage of GDP, Top OECD and Selected Non-OECD Countries, 2004
  • Higher Education Expenditures on R&D by Major Field of Science, 1995 to 2004
  • Total Graduate Enrolment and Top Five Disciplines, 1994 and 2003
  • Annual Expenditures on Tertiary Education per Student, Selected OECD Countries, 2003

Human Resources 

  • R&D Personnel by Sector of Performance, 1995 to 2004
  • R&D Personnel per Thousand Employment, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2002
  • PhD Degrees per Million Population, Selected OECD Countries, 2002
  • Human Resources in S&T Occupations as a Percentage of Total Employment, Selected OECD Countries, 2004
  • Wage Premium Associated with Tertiary Degrees, Selected OECD Countries, 2004

Commercialization and Output 

  • Canadian Publications, 1994 to 2005
  • Publication Intensity and Impact, Selected OECD and Non-OECD Countries, 2005
  • Patents per Million Dollars of BERD, Selected OECD Countries, 2003
  • Share of Innovators by Type of Innovation, Manufacturing Industries, 2005
  • Indicators of Some Commercialization Outputs of University Research, 1998, 2001 and 2005

 

Contact Information

Policy Branch
Industry Canada
Tel.: (613) 946-1262
Fax: (613) 996-7887
E-mail: strategies-tstrategy@ic.gc.ca
Website: http://innovation.gc.ca/s-tinfo
March 2007

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAFCAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada
BERDBusiness enterprise expenditure on research and development
CFICanada Foundation for Innovation
CIDACanadian International Development Agency
CIHRCanadian Institutes of Health Research
DNDDepartment of National Defence
ECEnvironment Canada
GERDGross domestic expenditure on research and development
GDPGross domestic product
GOVERDGovernment intramural expenditure on research and development
HERDHigher education expenditure on research and development
ICIndustry Canada
ICTInformation and communications technology
NRCNational Research Council Canada
NRCanNatural Resources Canada
NSERCNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
R&DResearch and development
RSARelated scientific activities
S&TScience and technology
SSHRCSocial Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
STCStatistics Canada
USPTOUnited States Patent and Trademark Office

 

Definitions

Relative Weighted Impact FactorThis indicator is a proxy for the quality of the journals in which an entity publishes. The index takes into account the number of citations a journal receives in a year, the number of articles the journal publishes in a year, and the disciplinary variation in citation patterns. An impact factor above one means the entity scores better than the world average.
R&DResearch and development refers to the creative work undertaken on a systematic basis to increase the stock of scientific and technical knowledge and to use this knowledge in new applications.
RSARelated scientific activities refers to those activities that complement and reinforce R&D. These activities include scientific data collection, testing and standards development, feasibility studies and education support, such as scholarships.
S&TScience and technology refers to the broad spectrum of activities required to generate, disseminate or apply new S&T knowledge. It includes both R&D and RSA.
Scientific PublicationsPublications in the areas of health, pure and applied science.
Triadic Patent FamilyAn invention on which a patent application has been filed at the European and Japanese Patent Offices and granted in the United States Patent Office.